• EIA is a device to identify, foretell, and assess the present and future environmental, economic, and social impacts that may arise due to the development of the proposed and existing project in the construction and operational phase.
  • EIA studies provide the ability to make sustainable decisions to determine the potential impacts and help mitigate the adverse impacts by adopting alternative technologies, site selection, and processes.
  • EIA is required for the Infrastructural projects, Industrial projects, and Mining Projects as per the MoEF notification on 14th September 2006 and as per the defined EIA process and its Schedule in the said notification.
  • The scheduled category project in the notification undergoes through the EIA studies and after having done the Screening and Scoping, and Public Consultation finally gets the EC (Environment Clearance) by MoEF(Ministry of Environment & Forest) and SEIAA (State Environment Impact Assessment Authority) It is GOI, Moef Body formed at the State level to hear the cases of Category B projects SEAC(State Expert Appraisal Committee) It is the committee constituted by MoEF to assist SEIAA to hear cases of category B.
  • As per the Sec 3 of the Environment Protection Act, 1986 and rule 5 of the Environment Protection rules 1986, The MoEF notification of 27 Jan 1994 superseded the EIA notification 14th September 2006 framed thereafter and as per the EIA notification 2006, and subsequent amendments, the list of projects or activities specified in the schedule is required to obtain Prior-Environmental Clearance for setting up a new industry or the expansion or modernization of existing projects.
  • The Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) and its Statutory body; the State Environment Impact Assessment Authority (SEIAA) are the competent Authorities to grant Environmental Clearance to the projects. A due process is followed as per the guidelines of the MoEF/SEIAA. An expert in the field of environment will be able to provide the right guidance in obtaining the necessary clearance.
  • There is a process for obtaining Environmental Clearance that involves the
    screening, It is a process to ascertain that a category B project requires further EIA studies or not by SEAC
    scoping, It refers to have a ToR issued by SEAC and EIA report preparation for category A and B1 projects
    and evaluation of the proposed project. The primary goal is to assess the impact of the project on the environment.
  • The EIA (Environmental Impact Assessment) notification 2006 set the procedure of environment clearance before setting up any project or activity on the site. Site selection and size of the proposed project is a key concern while according to the environment clearance to any project.
  • Those projects that need an Environmental Impact Assessment report are termed as Category ‘B1’ Projects which need detailed EIA report preparation following by ToR-Terms of Reference by SEAC and other than that projects termed Category ‘B2’ Projects which do not need further EIA report preparation and do not require an Environment Impact Assessment report. For categorization of projects into B1 and B2 except item 8 (b), the Ministry of Environment and Forests has issued appropriate guidelines from time to time.
  • All projects and activities listed as Category ‘B’ Projects requires prior Environmental Clearance from SEIAA and SEAC – under EIA notification 2006 in Item 8 of the Schedule (Construction, Township, Commercial Complexes, and Housing) do not require scoping These projects are appraised on the basis of Form 1, Form 1A, and the conceptual plan.

SEAC: State Expert Appraisal Committee

SEIAA: State Environment Impact Assessment Authority

SPCB: State Pollution Control Board

EIA: Environment Impact Assessment

TOR: Terms of Reference

  • Preparation of proposal: Preparation of Detailed project report based on the details and information given by the proponent and Architect.
  • Assessment by Experts: Assessment of the project report by respective functional area experts in different Environmental field
  • Site visit: Site visit is an important parameter of the process to assess the ambient environmental conditions, site accessibility location of the proposed project, etc.
  • Baseline data collection: Pre-Monsoon It refers to data collected from March to May and Post-Monsoon, It refers to data collected from October to December Primary data collection Carrying out Onsite environmental monitoring and data collection for testing and analysis or Secondary database collection Data collection from the research, reports, and survey done by the first party of the site for Air, Water, Noise, and Soil or any other parameter which is applicable by NABL accredited lab National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories which conforms the standards of ISO/IEC 17025 as per the CPCB (Central Pollution Control Board) and SPCB (State Pollution Control Board) and MoEF norms.
  • Final submission of the proposal: All the documents and detailed project report are submitted to the SEAC (State Expert Appraisal Committee) and SEIAA (State Environment Impact Assessment Authority)
  • Presentation before SEAC and SEIAA: Case will be presented before SEAC and SEIAA
  • Awarding EIA letter: After following due procedure and assessing impacts by the proposed project, mitigating measures, and other technical cum legal parameters, EC NOC is issued.
  • Validity of the EC NOC for Building and Township and Area development projects shall remain for seven years. If EC NOC letter validity has expired, the Project can be submitted to the Environment Department and any other environment regulatory authority with a DPR (detailed project report) for the extension of validity before the expiry of EIA NOC.
  • Any project whether it belongs to Category A Projects requires prior Environmental Clearance from MoEF or EAC – Expert Appraisal Committee under EIA notification 2006 and Category B Projects requires prior Environmental Clearance from SEIAA and SEAC – under EIA notification 2006 , irrespective of the schedule notified Project and activity falling under the schedule clause of EIA notification 2006 e.g. for Air Ports (Category A, Schedule 7a) under the EIA notification 2006 and further amendments by the Ministry of Environment and Forest is mandatorily required to submit the post environmental clearance report to the Environment ministry and other respective authorities two times in June and December every year.
  • Let’s put it in this way:
  • When a project is in the process of getting the Environment NOC from the Environment Ministry, the Project proponent submit the impact assessment report which contains the details of the proposed activities that would have significant and non-significant impacts on the surrounding fauna and flora, and environmental aspects like Ambient Air, Water, Geology, Hydrology, etc. along with their mitigation measures.
  • On the basis of that Environment Impact Assessment report, and its conceptual report submission, the Project proponent agrees to comply with the conditions that will be stipulated in the EIA NOC. Once that EC letter is accorded, how will the environment ministry come to know that the impact mitigation measures the project proponent committed to making in the detailed project report are actually complying on the ground level during the construction and further in the operation phase.
  • Therefore, a six-monthly compliance report is one of the environmental regulations that show the growth of the project while complying with the latest environmental techniques and pollution control measures.
  • It means that the list of projects and the activities which are scheduled under the EIA notification 2006, have to comply with the conditions of the EIA NOC and a detailed project report is to be sent to the authority who has granted permission for the EC letter.
  • Each and every project needs to advertise in the newspapers in local and regional and Hindi and English language that the project has been EIA NOC.
  • The project proponents are required to conduct onsite primary data collection Carrying out Onsite environmental monitoring and data collection for testing and analysis of Ambient Air, Ambient Noise, Ambient Soil, Water, and any other environmental parameters that may likely be impacted during the construction and the operational phase of the project. These samples are collected, tested, and analyzed according to the procedure defined by the Ministry of Environment and Forest.
  • The analyzed results shall be submitted to the environment ministry half-yearly. If the analyzed results do not conform to the standards prescribed by the Central Pollution Control Board and State Pollution Control Board that means, the unit needs to strictly comply with the stipulated conditions and use the appropriate technology to mitigate environmental pollution levels.

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