Different types of Waste Authorizations
- Waste Authorisation means permission to generate, store, collect, transport, treat and dispose of the unused material to the landfill sites that is likely to be generated from the Industrial operations in an environmentally sound manner.
- There are certain environmental compliance obligations which every industry needs to comply with as per the provisions of the Air Act1981, Water Act 1974, and Environment Protection Act 1986 and its formulated rules. These compliances depend upon the nature of the industry, the raw material used, the processes involved and effluent generation. These compliances have to be submitted to the concerned environmental department monthly, quarterly, six-monthly or annual basis depending upon the category of the project (Red, Orange or Green).
- Once the industry gets operational, waste is likely to be generated which could be Hazardous, Electronic, Biomedical, Plastic and any other waste in nature thereto defined in the Environment Protection Act 1986 and its rules.
- The industries which generate any of the notified waste need to obtain prior permission to dispose of the generated waste in an environmentally sound manner. This permission is called the authorisation. This permission is granted by the State Pollution Control board.
- Therefore the items or waste which may likely be generated from the industries are required to obtain authorisation from the State Pollution Control Board and Central Pollution Control Board as scheduled in the Hazardous and other Wastes (Management and Transboundary Movement) Rules, 2016, Electronic Waste Management Rules 2016, Biomedical Waste Management Rules 2016, Batteries (Management and Handling) Rules, 2001 as amended.
Hazardous waste Authorisation (HWA)
- Hazardous waste authorisation (HWA NOC) means a permission and a certificate for the generation, storage, collection, handling, treatment, transport, reuse, recycling, recovery, pre-processing, utilisation and disposal of hazardous waste which can be explosive, and toxic and can be dangerous to human health, and environment.
- These hazardous waste are released into the environment by different industrial processes, activities, and physical, chemical, and biological reactions that take place during the production of certain substances or products.
- These hazardous wastes are included in the Schedule 1, Schedule 2 and Schedule 3 of the Hazardous and Other Wastes (Management and Transboundary Movement) Rules, 2016.
- Any person or industry,
occupier A person who has, control over the affairs of the factory or the premises and includes in relation to any hazardous and other wastes, the person in possession of the hazardous or other waste.and factory which is engaging in any hazardous activity scheduled under 1, 2 and 3 needs to take permission Hazardous Waste NOC from the Pollution Control Board.
E-waste EPR Authorisation
- EPR Authorisation is a permission that is given by the CPCB (Central Pollution
Control Board) specifically to the
Producersof the electronic waste as per the Schedule 1 described in the E-Waste (Management) Rules 2016.
- Every producer of the E-waste has the responsibility to collect the waste that has been generated from its product introduction into the market and channalise it to the dismantles, any person or organisation engaged in dismantling of used electrical and electronic equipment into their components and having facilities to dismantle and has the authorisation from the State Pollution Control Board refurbishers any company or undertaking registered under the Factories Act, 1948 or the Companies Act, 1956 or both or district industries centre engaged in refurbishment of used electrical and electronic equipment. recyclers any person who is engaged in recycling and reprocessing of waste electrical and electronic equipment or assemblies or their components of the E-waste
Plastic EPR waste Authorisation
- EPR NOC Extended Producer Responsibility means responsibility of any producer of electrical or electronic equipment, for channelisation of e-waste to ensure environmentally sound management of such wasteany person or organisation engaged in dismantling of used electrical and electronic equipment into their components and having facilities to dismantle and has the authorisation from the State Pollution Control Board is also an Authorisation and permission that is granted by the Pollution Control Board to the Producers, Importers, and Brand Owners of Plastic waste as per the Plastic Waste(Management and Handling) Rules, 2016.
- PIBO ( Producer, persons engaged in manufacture or import of carry bags or multilayered packaging or plastic sheets or like, and includes industries or individuals using plastic sheets or like or covers made of plastic sheets or multi-layered packaging for packaging or wrapping the commodity. Importers a person who imports or intends to import and holds an Importer – Exporter Code number, unless otherwise specifically exempted and Brand Owners a person or company who sells any commodity under a registered brand label ) organisations are required to get them registered with the Central Pollution Control Board and State Pollution Control Board.
- PIBO organisations Producers Importers and Brand Owners that bring plastic waste into the market by their products are responsible to collect, segregate, and transport the plastic waste on their own, or engage with Plastic Waste Recyclers Agencies for the process of transforming segregated plastic waste into a new product or raw material for producing new products. and Waste Management Agencies Agencies for the collection, storage, transportation reduction, re-use, recovery, recycling, composting or disposal of plastic waste. , or Urban local bodies Municipal corporation, municipality, nagar palika, nagar nigam, nagar panchayat, municipal council including notified area committee (NAC)
- PIBO organisations Producers Importers and Brand Owners have to get the authorisation from the State Pollution Board and Central Pollution Control Board and submit the EPR plan (Extended Producers Responsibility) Action plan collecting back the plastic wastes once it goes into the market by the PIBO organisations
Bio-Medical Waste Authorisation
- Biomedical waste Authorisation is the permission granted by the prescribed authority which is SPCB with respect to State and Pollution Control Committee with respect to Union territory.
- The occupier of the health care facility which generates the biomedical waste has the prime responsibility to
segregate the liquid chemical waste and biomedical solid waste at the source.
- This means that occupier has to ensure that the biomedical waste is collected
and segregated into different colored non chlorinated plastic bag (Yellow, Red, Blue) Categorization and Classification of Bio-medical wastes in health care facilities system while handing over the biomedical waste to CBWTF (common bio-medical waste treatment and disposal facility)
A facility for the treatment, and disposal or any other form of bio-medical
waste, or the operator of the
- Health care facility and CBWTF, or biomedical facility has to obtain a
biomedical certificate from the pollution control board to operate such a facility in accordance with the Bio-Medical Waste Management Rules, 2016.
Battery Waste EPR Authorisation
- Battery waste authorisation is a consent or certificate granted under the provisions of Battery Waste Management Rules, 2020 for handling, collection, reception, storage, transportation, dismantling, recycling, treatment and disposal of batteries for the industries engaged in manufacturing, producing, importing, refurbishing, dismantling, assembling, re-conditioning, auctioning and recycling.
- The applicability of battery waste EPR authorisation lies upon the industries,Vehicle service center, and consumer & bulk consumer agencies who are in manufacture, processing, sale, purchase, collection, storage, re-processing and use of batteries and their components, battery consumables and spare parts.
- There are two types of batteries which are covered under the Battery Waste Management Rules, 2020 for which the user agency or industry needs to obtain the authorisation or permission from the State Pollution Control Board and Central Pollution Control Board.
- One type of battery can be Primary cells or non-rechargeable and the second type can be Secondary cells or Rechargeable batteries irrespective of the shape, volume, weight, material composition and its use.
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